Auteur: Carroll, David
Titel: Albert Camus the Algerian
Sub titel: Colonialism, terrorism, justice
In `Albert Camus, The Algerian', David Carroll rereads Albert Camus' novels, short stories, and political essays and finds, in Camus' conflicted relationship with his Algerian background, important critical insights into questions of justice, the effects of colonial oppression, and the deadly cycle of terrorism and counterterrorism that characterized the Algerian War and continues to surface in the devastation of postcolonial wars today. Camus called for an end to the violence perpetrated against civilians by both France and the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) during France's "dirty war" in Algeria and supported the creation of a postcolonial, multicultural, and democratic Algeria. His position was rejected by most of his contemporaries on the left and has, ironically, earned him the title of colonialist sympathizer as well as the scorn of important postcolonial critics. Carroll rescues Camus' work by emphasizing the Algerian dimensions of his literary and philosophical texts and by highlighting his understanding of both the injustice of colonialism and the tragic nature of Algeria's struggle for independence in his novels and short stories. By refusing to accept that the sacrifice of innocent human lives is justified in the pursuit of political goals and rejecting simple, ideological binaries (West vs. East, Christian vs. Muslim, "us" vs. "them," good vs. evil), Camus' work offered an alternative to the stark choices that characterized his troubled times. Carroll's reading shows why Camus' critical perspective has much to contribute to contemporary debates stemming from our global "war on terror."
2007, 272 pag., Euro 32,9
Columbia University Press, New York, ISBN 9780231140867
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