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Recent evidence illustrates how partial state failure in Latin America interacts with new forms of organized violence, undermining the democratic consolidations of the past two decades. This ‘new violence’ stems from a variety of social actors: drug mafias, peasant militias and urban gangs, the so-called actores armadas, and includes state-related actors such as the police, military intelligence agencies and paramilitary forces. The results include both ‘governance voids’ – domains where the legitimate state is effectively absent – and the erosion of the capacity and willingness of state officials to abide by the rule of law themselves. These tendencies in turn raise the threat that authoritarian regimes under the control of political armies will be re-installed, or, at the very least, that state violence in one form or another will spread. This book explores these developments and discovers links with the weakening of state structures undertaken in the name of neoliberal economic reforms.
Auteur: Koonings, Kees & Dirk Kruijt Jaar: 2004 ISBN: 184277445X Pagina's: 224 Taal: English Uitgever: Zed Books Uitgever stad: London Verschijningsdatum: